The architectural style of Tower Bridge

Tower Bridge is often compared to a fairy-tale castle spanning the Thames, next to the ancient Tower of London. But have you ever wondered about the architectural movement that inspired the now iconic design?

Strawberry Hill House

Neo-Gothic: the early years

Tower Bridge was built in the Neo-Gothic style. Also known as Revival Gothic, this architectural movement began in the mid-18th century and continued far into the 1930s.

One of the earliest Neo-Gothic buildings in England is Strawberry Hill House, located near Twickenham, which was designed by Horace Walpole in the mid-1700s.

Image: Strawberry Hill House from garden in 2012 after restoration ©Chiswick Chap/Wikimedia Commons

Minster Court

Neo-Gothic in the 1990s

Tower Bridge was one of the last buildings to have been constructed in the Neo-Gothic style in London. However, Minster Court, which can be seen from the West Walkway, was constructed over 100 years later opening in 1992.

Image: Minster Court ©Fred Romero/Wikimedia Commons

Where does the Neo-Gothic architecture come from?

The Neo-Gothic style is influenced by the architecture of the Middle Ages, around the 1500s. You can easily recognise the style as the ornaments and decorations often resemble those of churches or castles. Many buildings in the Neo-Gothic style have turrets and towers as well as pointed arches. You can see these elements on Tower Bridge, whether you look at the building as a whole, or more closely at its windows, balconies and ornaments.

Tower Bridge was designed by a team of architects and engineers led by Sir Horace Jones. Jones was the City of London’s architect who also designed Billingsgate, Smithfield and Leadenhall Markets in a similar style, as well as many other buildings across the City.

In Jones’ team was civil engineer Sir John Wolfe Barry. Wolfe Barry, the son of Sir Charles Barry, who designed the Houses of Parliament, later suceeded Jones after his death in May 1887.

Tower Bridge

A royal request

Tower Bridge was built in the Neo-Gothic style in response to Queen Victoria’s initial objection to a bridge being built in close vicinity to the Tower of London. The Bridge's Neo-Gothic design was chosen to have a comparable aesthetic to the Tower of London and in order not to look out of place. 

When construction began in 1886, the architects aimed to ensure the structure would last at least 90 years, according to art historian Dan Cruickshank. Now, over 125 years later, Tower Bridge is still as strong and as beautiful as ever, testimony to the quality of its design and construction. 

Tower Bridge Chimney

Hidden details

Still, there were some challenges to combining the architectural style with the then modern Victorian technology behind it. 

For example, amongst the lampposts located on the northern approach towards Tower Bridge, you will find a chimney (see image). Hidden in plain sight, this is part of the heating system of the Tower of London’s guards’ rooms for the Royal Fusiliers, which are located in the arches underneath the road. 

You can also see features that resemble blue ‘bird boxes’ located on the Towers, just above the sides of the arches. These cover the ends of the (internal) quadrants, which would otherwise stick out when the bridge is closed.

Thanks to the skill of the architects and engineers, all these elements blend in with the overall style of Tower Bridge. 

When you visit the Bridge, do look around and discover its Neo-Gothic style and its mix of old and new for yourself. Some of the best architectural details can be seen from inside the landmark!

Book your ticket today

Sign up to our newsletter

Enjoyed this article? Subscribe to our newsletter to get the latest news, updates and offers from Tower Bridge.